DNA information regarding
Satterfield - Sutterfield - Saterfiel
and other associated families
"we had proven the old theory correct that most American Satterfields descend from an ancestor who lived in the small Northern English hamlet of Satterthwaite. . . ."
Andrew Lancaster (excerpted from Satterfield Family Association newsletter Spring 2008
For more information on the Saterfiel - Satterthwaite - Lancaster connection, click
About DNA testing for genealogical purposes
DNA is quickly becoming an important part of the study of genealogy. While DNA alone cannot be used for genealogical purposes, its combination with the two traditional sources for family history research - oral history and recorded documents - can reveal long-forgotten connections or break down oft-repeated family myths.
The following DNA testing facilities are probably the most widely used by genealogists
It is recommended that you test for 23 or more markers (y-chromosome tests for males)
More markers tested yield higher degree of surety, but, costs more.
provides dna testing at no charge but results must be looked up at their website (will not be mailed to you) and may take many months before being published (and sometimes not published at all)
from CHRIS POMERY'S DNA PORTAL -
There are two basic DNA tests being offered to family historians: the Y-chromosome test and the mitochondrial test.
The Y-chromosome in the nuclear DNA of every living man resembles that of his father and his paternal grandfather, and is carried by male cousins of any degree that share the same male ancestor. Tests of tiny chemical markers in one part of the Y-chromosome that does not change much over time will reveal the testee's haplogroup, one of 28 shared by all humans on the planet. Tests of other markers in another part of the Y-chromosome that changes more rapidly reveal the testee's haplotype, the numeric pattern of their individual DNA. Combined together the two tests distinguish one male-to-male lineage from another and reveal a 'DNA signature' for each individual man.
The mitochondrial test looks at the mitochondria, a special part of nearly all human cells, which is passed on female-to-child and is inherited down the female line. It is generally used to study long-term population developments such as migrations and has no real use for family historians. The Y-chromosome test can only be taken by men while the mitochondrial test can be taken by both men and women.
The Y-chromosome test (the Y-test) can indicate:
- whether specific individual men share a common male ancestor.
- if a set of men with the same or similar surname are directly related through a common ancestor.
- how many different common male ancestors any given group collectively shares.
- to which broad haplogroup each individual male belongs to (for example, over half of all Europeans belong to one of two major haplogroups of 28 known worldwide).
- an analysis of the mutations in the Y-chromosome can also be used to estimate the degree of separation between individual males in terms of the number of generations since the separation occurred. That man is often referred to as the most recent comon ancestor or MRCA. (There is currently a debate over the 'natural' rate of mutation of individual DNA markers over time.)